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Rautiainen M & Seppänen T (2005)
Comparison of visual features and fusion techniques in automatic detection of concepts from news video.
Proc. 2005 IEEE International Conference on Multimedia & Expo, Amsterdam, The Netherlands.

This study describes experiments on automatic detection of semantic concepts, which are textual descriptions about the digital video content. The concepts can be further used in content-based categorization and access of digital video repositories. Temporal Gradient Correlograms, Temporal Color Correlograms and Motion Activity low-level features are extracted from the dynamic visual content of a video shot. Semantic concepts are detected with an expeditious method that is based on the selection of small positive example sets and computational low-level feature similarities between video shots. Detectors using several feature and fusion operator configurations are tested in 60-hour news video database from TRECVID 2003 benchmark. Results show that the feature fusion based on ranked lists gives better detection performance than fusion of normalized low-level feature spaces distances. Best performance was obtained by pre-validating the configurations of features and rank fusion operators. Results also show that minimum rank fusion of temporal color and structure provides comparable performance.

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